Homeland Security ("HLS") - essentially the protection of a state's territory, sovereignty, domestic population, and critical infrastructure against internal and external threats, terror and aggression – has changed its face in recent years.
The transformation of the nature of armed conflicts – including the identity of parties, intensity and the nature and scale of activities, have significant implications on the manner in which authorities – from a government level down – combat the rapidly-changing HLS challenges.
Since the end of the WW2, and particularly in the past two decades, the world has witnessed a transformation of the nature of the armed conflicts - from total conventional wars between countries, to low intensity conflicts between countries and terror/guerilla organizations. This change bears far-reaching implications on varying fronts, including the relationship between the political and military levels, the essence of real time intelligence, the relevant technological needs continually arising, and others.
The innovative shift of acts of terror and aggression from those of yesterday, typically being local and low-technological activity, towards technologically - advanced and assisted cross-border activities, has posed new threats and created the need for innovation and real-time responses across many areas – including intelligence, divisions and collaborations of tasks and forces, and provision of tailored products and solutions.
Alongside the many resulting challenges and threats faced today by law enforcement authorities, the changes in HLS challenges have created the demand that such bodies reprioritize and capitalize on their strengths and advantages, by enlarging HLS budgets, by encouraging technological innovation, by promoting cross-border and inter-governmental cooperation alongside cooperation with the private sector, and by introducing legislation to face the rising challenges.